Amma bows down to all, who are embodiments of Pure Love and the Supreme Self.
Amma is very pleased to participate in this summit, one of the most esteemed among the C20 conferences and to meet personally with the distinguished members of the steering committee, CSO, and NGO speakers who are offering their valued input for this endeavour.
Humanity is facing many extraordinary challenges today. There are also numerous challenges on subtler levels, which we may be unable to perceive or understand. At this point, human beings need two qualities: the wisdom to recognize the problem and the mental attitude and intelligence to correct it.
Unfortunately, we are like a student who starts studying the day before the exam. We think correctly only when we are on the brink of disaster. Only then do we realize that we need to do something.
The COVID pandemic was a testing period that lasted three long years. While going through this crisis, people resolved to do better in the future. Many would have taken a vow to change their perspectives. However, such resolutions do not last long. People inevitably return to their old habits once again.
The future belongs not to the ‘single’ entities, who stand divided, but to those who ‘mingle’ and cooperate with others. Countries and societies that try to rise on their own will surely fail. This is a warning from nature to humankind. Hence, let our mantra be ‘Mingle’ not ‘Single’.
Humanity does have a certain degree of freedom to live life as they choose. However, we cannot change the laws of nature at will, like changing television channels. It is the way of God and Nature to be all-inclusive. To exclude is the way of humankind alone.
Everyone who lives in this world must obey the universal law of inclusion. If we try to forcefully impose laws of exclusion, it will only result in disharmony and danger. What we are experiencing today is the result of many people interfering with the fabric of the universe. Along with trying to change the situation outside, we should also be ready to change our mentality.
Amma remembers incidents from childhood. Parents used to advise their children to behave well, speak the truth, be loving to everyone, help others, and study well. But today, we hear some parents teaching their children by advising them to be a smart, savvy, winner, and don’t interact with people below you.
My birth mother taught me by her own example sixty-five years ago. In the village where I was born, there were about a thousand homes. Most of them were joint families with many members staying together. Only around a hundred families were well off. Other families earned a daily living by fishing every day, eating only if they earned money that day, and going hungry otherwise. They had no bank accounts.
If the food was ready in our home earlier than others, my mother would think first of the neighbouring home and would say, “That neighbour is not yet back from fishing. Their children will be hungry.”
She would pack food for two or three of the children and ask me to take it to them. At the same time, she would be anxious for her own children. “Wait a bit,” she would say to us. “I will give you food in a little while.”
If unexpected guests arrived, my mother would feed them first, then give us rice water mixed with scraped coconut. Even after the guest had eaten and left, my mother would worry if the guest left satisfied, with a full stomach. This was the example set by our mothers from early years.
In today’s world, being kind and helpful may be seen as a sign of weakness, and deceit and falsehood as strengths. For example, Dhritarashtra and Gandhari [a royal couple in the Mahabharata] brought up their evil son, Duryodhana, with this irrational mindset, which is the same direction our society is heading. Good values should be taught to the children from a very young age from households and schools equally. When you walk on that cement, the impressions stay forever.
In a similar way, when values are given at a young age, they stay throughout your life and benefit both oneself and others. When I was in fourth grade, this was 60 years ago, there were around sixty children in one class. Around fifteen to twenty percent of them brought a packed lunch to school. The rest would drink some water during lunch break and sit quietly under a tree, hungry. They would have skipped breakfast as well.
I had a friend who lived two doors away. She used to bring a big lunch but would eat only a small portion and throw away the rest. I told her, “You bring more food than you need. Why don’t we both share some of our food with a hungry classmate?”
The friend agreed. After two or three days, a few other children joined us in sharing food. Within about fifteen days, all the hungry children were invited to share food with the others. In the end, there was no one in that class who went without lunch. In this way, if we are mindful, we can certainly bring about a transformation.
People experience two types of poverty in this world. The first is the poverty of food, clothing and shelter. The second is the poverty of love and compassion. If we have love and compassion, we will be able to relieve the suffering of the first set of people, as well. These qualities are what we should cultivate.
The huge leap in science and technology, along with misuse of the internet and increasing drug abuse among students, are all contributing to the predicament we face today.
For example, let us consider technology. It has truly revolutionized human life, but its negative aspects raise alarming concerns about the future of humankind. Now we see a new generation growing up devoid of a conscience and moral values—and what is the result? Violence, in various names and forms, is rising.
We are always afraid—whether walking down the street, shopping at the store, working at the office, nursing our child in our own home, or bathing. We are even afraid to use a public washroom, or to hum a tune.
Yet, we pride ourselves for being ‘modern and sophisticated’. In the past, it used to be easy to distinguish between our enemies and friends, but today it is the opposite! No one knows when a friend can turn against you, or where, when and in what form an adversary may assault you.
I remember a story in this regard. There once lived a notorious hooligan in a small town. Just before sunset, he would establish himself at the main crossroad. He would torment every passer-by. He would molest women, beat up men, and snatch their belongings. Fearing his rowdiness, people started avoiding that area after dusk. They began using side roads and other streets instead.
One day, all of a sudden, news spread around that the hooligan had fallen sick and died. Usually, it is only the women who stay indoors after dusk, but now not a single man was seen on the streets! A few days later, a journalist arrived and enquired about what was happening.
“There used to be a hooligan here,” the locals explained. “When he was alive, we knew where he would be every evening, in which corner of the crossroads. We just had to avoid that area, and would be free from danger.
“But now, it is his ghost that is tormenting us. A ghost has no particular form. No one knows when, how, where, and in what form he will attack us. Moreover, he will be stronger than before because he is in a subtle form now!”
Similarly, our new discoveries and sophistication usually come with a negative side. The once evident problems have now shifted from the gross to the subtle and, consequently, become stronger.
Technology is very important. It has increased conveniences and made life comfortable. But, at the same time, the abuse of technology has also increased… and so have its dangers. This is why extensive research on the negative impact of any new invention or discovery is essential.
The ‘new’ should never be allowed to trample on the ‘old’. The saying ‘It is better to prevent than to cure’ is apt in this regard. New discoveries can also mean unique, new hazards. Before such discoveries become a permanent headache to society, we need to find solutions to their potential negative repercussions and threats that could manifest. The world will bring us countless experiences—both bitter and sweet. We should consider both as opportunities for introspection.
The world population is like a beautiful garland made of flowers in different shapes and colours. The diversity and variety of the flowers add to its beauty and fragrance. Such a healthy mingling of diversity is essential for human culture to flourish. A single nation, race, or religion cannot survive in isolation. This Earth belongs to us all.
Of course, our government, under the able leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has accomplished a great deal of progress, which is creating a huge transformation.
Amma would like to draw some examples from our various projects to create awareness. Around ten years ago, the ashram adopted many villages in India. A number of them were engaged entirely in wheat farming. Their diet included only the wheat they cultivated, so their immunity was found to be deficient, which led to various diseases. They could have traded some of their wheat for vegetables, but they didn’t.
In another group of villages, they were not aware of the shift in the environment and climate change. They continued cultivation in the same old pattern. Because of the change in rain patterns, their crops failed, and they had to go hungry. Most of them do not wish to leave the village for outside jobs. So, instead of leaving to earn a living, they remain hungry in their homes.
In other villages, due to unpredictable rain patterns and their dwindling income, they switched to marijuana cultivation. Initially, they were unwilling to disclose it, but later they explained that they started cultivating because they could earn much more money (five lakhs in three months). We see how they make wrong choices and consequently destroy so many lives.
The government has implemented schemes specifically for rainwater harvesting projects. But, unfortunately, these villagers were unaware of how to apply for or avail of these schemes, so they missed the opportunity to learn. In one of the adopted villages, we implemented rainwater harvesting systems, which resulted in increased crop production and income and they moved away from malpractices.
In some villages, we found that due to a lack of potable water, they were drinking contaminated water. They were contracting diseases like cholera. As a solution to this, the university did research and developed a filter named ‘Jivamritam’ [Nectar of Life].
This was first installed near the Amritapuri ashram for testing, and we found that the incidence of communicable diseases like Chikungunya was reduced. After this, Amma had these filters deployed in our adopted villages and this significantly brought down water-borne diseases in these regions.
In other villages, we found that women had to walk long distances every morning to fetch water for household use. They spent all their time fetching water and completing their chores. We dug borewells in such places, bringing them water to their homes, but we later discovered that those who lived near the borewells with a continuous water supply were now wasting it indiscriminately.
Amma knows that now there are various projects devised by the Prime Minister to supply water to every household but then, the villagers who live nearby the bore wells were wasting it indiscriminately. The university has also been able to create an app that monitors the usage of water, so wastage can be easily detected and corrected.
The main income source in a few villages is cattle rearing and dairy farming. The milk they produced would often be purchased at half the going rate. The poor farmers work tirelessly to earn this meagre income, which is hardly enough to make ends meet. We intervened and established a dairy cooperative to provide members with an assured market for their milk. Subsequently, they have begun to earn a good income.
In some village schools, even today we found that many grade levels—for example, classes 4, 5, 6 and 7—were being taught together in one room. Students were seated facing four different directions, but there was only one teacher. The same teacher would go in rounds teaching all the grades!
When these children graduated from middle school to secondary school, they could not cope with educational challenges, like speaking English. Children in such situations became depressed and began to drop out of school. To counter this, our university faculty started providing personalized online tutoring. We are beginning to see improvement in the children’s studies.
One of the limitations we encountered was that even though phones were provided by the government, the lack of a stable internet connection in these regions made online learning impossible. In such places, we should identify a location in the village, where internet is available and provide a TV screen for the children to watch and learn. Other organisations and universities can adopt this method and provide online classes for children.
During the COVID pandemic, the government ensured that all schools provided online education for all students. But, many children in villages were unable to use this service because they did not have access to internet.
More than 33 years ago, we constructed small huts in a forest region (in the tribal area of Attapadi in Kerala) to give the children an education. This was before we founded an orphanage in the area. We brought children from these tribal settlements and gave them solid education. Today, many of these children have completed their college education and some have become engineers. Currently, we run the orphanage for four hundred children.
Now, in most villages, schools have been established. But children often have to walk for kilometres, especially from mountainous regions, to reach where the school bus comes. If there are three students in a family going to school, for bus fees they have to pay three thousand rupees a month on average. Due to this expense, school dropouts have increased.
For electricity, the government supplies the power, but in certain places the voltage is low, so the students are unable to use the resources provided for the online education in an effective manner. Installing transformers seemed a costly affair. To counter this, we have installed solar panels, to provide seamless electric power for them to study using the online facility.
In some other areas, we developed micro-hydroelectric power plants by utilizing the available waterfalls as a renewable energy source, and the power generated was used for the village.
One of the health-related provisions made by the government is to provide pregnant women with vitamins and other supplements. However, this is not good enough to ensure fetal health. For example, adding fertilizer to a mango tree that has already begun to flower will not give better fruit. The fruit can still wither and fall, be stunted in growth, or be infested with worms.
Women should be given nutritious foods that build immunity right from childhood. Village women need to be given the awareness to plant ayurvedic trees and make them learn the cooking of different dishes with these leaves. This will boost their immune system. Sixty-five years ago, in our villages, once a week, my mother used to prepare dishes using ayurvedic leaves in the village for our meals.
It is difficult to get doctors and teachers to work in remote areas. Thirty-three years ago, we established a tribal hospital in Kalpetta (Wayanad, Kerala). Somehow, like two angels from heaven, we were able to get two doctors to work there. They arrived with a deep love for the spirit of service. However, no patients were willing to come to the hospital.
These doctors had to go out to them into their tribal hamlets, carrying a packet of food and other items, offering their services to examine and treat patients door-to-door. In this way, they cultivated good relations with the communities, and now an average of three hundred patients visit the hospital daily.
When we held village community meetings, both men and women attended, but only the men would speak, even though the panchayat president was a woman. The women remained silent. When we realised that we would not get the opinion of the women in the community event, we initiated meetings with the women separately. To our surprise, the women began expressing themselves vividly.
The first thing we should assess when we go to a new village is to understand the cultural norms and practices they follow. Ten years ago, we adopted over 108 villages. Now, we work in over 500 villages. In order to understand the social systems and perspectives, we have employed a minimum of two people from each village.
Another immediate concern is the mental health of children after the COVID pandemic. The children appear to be quite different from their former selves. Forty percent of the children seem to have a different appearance altogether. Their behaviour has changed, as well as their mental health.
Fifteen years ago, Amma had encouraged devotee doctors in some countries to provide support services to children in their inner-city schools. This suggestion comes from the experience of seeing the difference among those children. If we catch it at the beginning and offer timely counselling, it can be prevented from deepening into a psychological problem.
Here is what can be done. Psychologists and psychiatrists who have the heart to serve can communicate with schools and colleges, and provide two or three hours of free counselling per week to such students.
I feel that in such places where doctors are not available, we could bring mobile clinic services in vehicles and conduct frequent health camps in remote areas. Telemedicine services can be provided for remote diagnosis and treatment of patients using telecommunication technology.
In the olden days, cow dung was applied on wounds, to expedite healing, but if we do this today, the wound will become infected. Everything that used to be medicinal is now toxic. In the olden days, cattle were fed with sesame, ground nut, coconut cakes, and pesticide-free hay. As a result, everything that came from a cow’s milk, urine and dung was medicinal.
We have increased the usage of pesticides five times. Now that all cattle fodder is sprayed with pesticides, everything that used to be medicinal is now toxic. This is how polluted the world has become. It is important to build awareness among people. It is not enough for a diabetic to take the medicines—they also have to maintain a regular diet.
The Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched numerous significant schemes. But like leeches that latch onto the skin, many villagers prefer to stay at home, without going to the ration shop, or availing of whatever benefits they are due. It is important to be aware of properly using the benefits they are receiving.
The urgent need of the hour is good leaders with a holistic vision. We do not need those who speak the language of war but those who spread a message of peace. The world needs not separation and division, today, but joining and unification.
The mind is like a pair of scissors while the heart is like a needle. To make a wearable outfit, we have to cut and divide with the scissors and join and sew together with the needle. The mind should be used in its place and the heart in its place.
The heart is like a parachute. If it doesn’t open, we will endanger ourselves. May all of us be endowed with an expansive heart that can bring people together and eliminate all differences.
India, Bharat, is the land of spirituality. The vibrations from the spiritual austerity and sacrifice of our ancient rshis pervade the atmosphere to this day. The rshis realized that “the atma, the consciousness, that abides within each and every object in creation, sentient and insentient, is the same, and I am that Supreme Truth.”
Realizing this, their prayer was:
sarve bhavantu sukhinah
sarve santu niraamaya
arve bhadraani pashyantu
maa kaschit dukhabhaag bhavet
May all beings be happy and without sorrows. May all see only the good that is in everything.
While we are in a hurry to connect to science, technology and the internet, there are so many fields from which we have become completely disconnected. We have become disconnected from our true self, our atma.
We have become disconnected from our environment, and from nature. We have become disconnected from love and life, and this disconnected us from God. Most importantly, we have become disconnected from spiritual values, which can heal all the disconnections in our life.
There is education for earning a living and education for life. In ancient Gurukuls, these were taught together. When we study in college, striving for a job, that is education for a living. Education for life requires an understanding of the essential principles of spirituality. Education for life air-conditions the mind, while the former brings external air-conditioning.
Only then would we be able to bring about any changes in the world. Humankind has learned to fly like a bird and swim like a fish, but has forgotten how to walk and live like a human being. The Creator and the creation are not two, but one. The sun does not need a candle to light its way. Just like gold is inherent in gold ornaments, and ornaments are inherent in gold.
See God in others and love and serve them as such. Even if we drive carefully, another person may drive carelessly and crash into us. This is why God’s grace is necessary for every situation. To receive this grace, positive actions are needed from our side.
There is an underlying rhythm to our universe; the universe and every living thing in it have an unbreakable connection to each other. The cosmos is like a vast, interconnected network. Think of a net that is stretched out by four people holding its four corners. If it is shaken slightly in one corner, the vibration is felt all over the net.
Similarly, whether we know it or not, all of our actions reverberate throughout creation— whether done by an individual or a group. So let us not think ‘I will change after they do’; rather, even if they do not change, if we change, we can bring this change in others.
From ancient times, ‘The world is one family’ has been the mantra of Indian soil. It still is today, and will continue to be so in the future. The presidency of the G20 nations is a unique opportunity to model this truth before the world. May this initiative undertaken by Hon. Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi and the government under his leadership inspire change in the world’s outlook.
May innumerable lamps be lit from this flame and carried across the world. May the conch call of this great yajna [holy offering] resound worldwide. May it throw open the closed doors of human hearts! May it bring light everywhere! May you become the light!
If we want our actions to bear the desired result, three factors are needed: 1) Doing them at the proper time, 2) Self-effort, and 3) God’s grace.
Sometimes we plan to travel a long distance. So, we leave the house early in the morning. Even if we leave early, our car may break down and we may not reach the airport in time. Or, upon reaching the airport, we may learn that the plane’s engine is having some mechanical problem or that the weather is too bad to fly.
We need God’s grace to make all our actions complete, and good actions attract God’s Grace. Let us do our best and pray for Divine Grace.
It is not that we are ignorant about these ideas, but since Amma was asked to speak, I tried sharing a few points.
Let us do our best and pray for Divine Grace.