Non-Communicable Diseases

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Chronic illnesses are rising

Non-Communicable Diseases


According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic illnesses, are rising and account for 74 percent of deaths globally. Over three-quarters of these deaths are in low- and middle-income countries. 


The most common NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes. They are often chronic and are caused by a combination of genetic, behavioral, psychological, and environmental factors, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use, and pollution. 


Many risk factors contributing to the burden of NCDs are modifiable at the individual and systemic levels and should be considered in guiding policy recommendations and priorities. In addition to national initiatives such as universal health coverage and improved access to healthcare services, priorities should include preventative measures such as patient education and increased screening, and lifestyle changes. 



Addiction or substance use disorder is considered a chronic mental illness. Addictive substances such as tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, such as amphetamines, cocaine, and opioids, cause 11.8 million preventable deaths globally each year, either directly from an overdose or indirectly due to increased risk of disease and injury. Besides the illnesses and deaths caused by addiction, consequences include social and economic losses to individuals and society.


In 2005, the WHO introduced a policy package called MPOWER that includes effective interventions to monitor tobacco use, protect people against smoke, offer help to quit, warn about the dangers, enforce bans on tobacco advertising, and raise taxes on tobacco. Overall, countries that effectively implemented MPOWER policies reduced tobacco use. These are the kinds of interventions that truly bring about change in society. We aim to identify and streamline practical interventions that can be efficiently implemented on a global scale.

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Make your voice heard at the G20’s 2023 Summit in India. Health focused Civil Service Organizations (CSOs) from around the globe are invited to register to participate in policy building events.

Sub-Working Group Coordination

Dr. K. R. Thankappan

Amrita hospital, Kochi

Dr. Chandrasekhar Janakiram

Amrita School of Dentistry

Dr. Aswathy S.

Amrita hospital, Kochi

Core Commitee Members

Prof. K. Srinath Reddy

Public Health Foundation of India


Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS)

Shriram Nallamshetty

VA Palo Alto and Stanford Medicine

Unnikrishnan AG

Chellaram Diabetes Institute

Dr. V. Mohan

Dr. Mohan’s Diabetes Specialities Centre & Madras Diabetes Research Foundation

Rajeev Gupta

Eternal Heart Care Centre & Research Institute, Jaipur, India

Adolfo L Rubinstein

Center for Implementation and 

Innovations in Health Policy (CIIPS). 

Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS)

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Discussions on Technology and Civil Societies: Vision and Agenda for Civil20 2023

22 JAN

Message from the Chair, C20 India 2023

Our Inspiration

Amma sees the whole world as a flower. Each petal represents a nation. If one petal is infested with pests, it will affect the other petals as well. The beauty of the whole flower suffers. It is the responsibility of each and every one of us to protect and nurture this flower. All living beings in creation are interdependent. The rhythm of Nature depends upon humanity. It’s necessary to maintain the rhythm of the mind and body for the sake of our health and lifespan, for the sake of humankind and Nature.
Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi ❤️
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